Chris Marker Notes from the Era of Imperfect Memory

DocuMemory: A Bibliography

Dziga Vertov, cutting film sequence in Man with the Movie Camera 1929
Dziga Vertov, Man with a Movie Camera (1929)

A. Documentary Film

100 Années Lumière. Retrospéctive de l’oeuvre documentaire des grands cinéastes français de Louis Lumière jusqu’à nos jours. Paris: Ministère des affaires étrangères, 1991

Barnouw, Eric. Documentary: A History of the Non-Fiction Film. London: Oxford, 1974.

Barsam, Richard Meran. Nonfiction Film: A Critical History. New York: Dutton, 1973.

Bruzzi, Stella. New Documentary: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge, 2000.

Burton, Juliane, ed. The Social Documentary in Latin America. Pittsburg: Univ. of Pittsburg Press, 1990.

Gardner, Robert and Ákos Östör. Making Forest of Bliss: Intention, Circumstance and Chance in Nonfiction Film. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Guynn, William. A Cinema of Nonfiction. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. Press / London: Associated Univ. Presses, 1990.

Hohenberger, Eva and Judith Keilbach, hrsg. Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit: Dokumentarfilm, Fernsehen und Geschichte. Berlin: Verlag Vorwerk 8, 2003.

Lovell, Alan and Jim Hillier. Studies in Documentary. New York: Viking, 1972.

Mamber, Steven. Cinema Verite in America.: Studies in Uncontrolled Documentary. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1974.

Nichols, Bill. Representing Reality: Issues and Concepts in Documentary. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.

Rabinowitz, Paula. They Must Be Represented: The Politics of Documentary. London, New York: Verso, 1994.

Renov, Michael, ed. Theorizing Documentary. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Renov, Michael. The Subject of Documentary. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Rosenthal, Alan. New Challenges for Documentary. Berkeley: Univ. of California, 1988.

Roth, Wilhelm. Der Dokumentarfilm seit 1960. München: Bucher, 1982.

Trinh, T. Minh-ha. “Documentary Is/Not a Name.” October 52 (Spring 1990), 76-98.

Vertov, Dziga. Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov. Ed. Annette Michelson. Trans. Kevin O’Brien. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1984.

Warren, Charles, ed. Beyond Document: Essays on Nonfiction Film. Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press, 1996.

Winston, Brian. Claiming the Real: The Documentary Film Revisited. London: BFI, 1995.

Zagaglia, Paolo et al, eds. Cinéma et réalité. Bruxelles: Vie Ouvrière / Centre de l’audio-visuel, 1982.

B. Ethnographic Film & Visual Anthropology

Barbash, Ilisa and Lucien Taylor. Cross-Cultural Filmmaking: A Handbook for Making Documentary and Ethnographic Films and Videos. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1997.


Clifford, James. The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth Century Ethnography, Literature and Art. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1988.

Crawford, Peter, ed. Film as Ethnography. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press, 1992.

Heider, Karl G. Ethnographic Film. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1976.

Hockings, Paul, ed. Principles of Visual Anthropology. 2nd ed. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1995.

Loizos, Peter. Innovation in ethnographic film: From innocence to self-consciousness, 1955-1985. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1993.

Rouch, Jean. Ciné-Ethnography. Trans. and ed. Steven Feld. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Russel, Catherine. Experimental Ethnography: The Work of Film in the Age of Video. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press,

Stoller, Paul. The Cinematic Griot: The Ethnography of Jean Rouch. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1992.

Taylor, Lucien, ed. Visualizing Theory: Selected Essays from V.A.R., 1990-1994. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Trinh T., Minh-ha. When the Moon Waxes Red: Representation, Gender and Cultural Politics. New York: Routledge, 1991.

C. Archives & Archival Film

Chartier, Roger. The Order of Books: Readers, Authors, and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Trans. Lydia G. Cochrane. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1994.

Blind Librarian
The Librarian of Babel

Delage, Christian, ed. Ecrits, images et sons dans la Bibliothèque de France. Paris: IMEC / Bibliothèque de France, 1991.

Deleuze, Gilles. Un Nouvel archiviste. Paris: Fata Morgana, 1972.

Derrida, Jacques. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Trans. Eric Prenowitz. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1996.

Foucault, Michel. The Archaeology of Knowledge. Trans. A.M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

Houston, Penelope. Keepers of the Frame: The Film Archives. London: BFI, 1994.

Leyda, Jay. Films Beget Films: A Study of the Compilation Film. New York: Hill and Wang, 1964.

Representations 42 (Spring 1993) “Future Libraries.”

Roud, Richard. A Passion for Films: Henri Langlois and the Cinématèque Française. New York: Viking Press, 1983.

D. Video & Self-Portrait Media

Self-Portrait theory books: Raymond Bellour, L'Entre-images | Between the Images and Michel Beaujour, Miroirs d'encre: Rhétorique de l'autoportrait | Poetics of the Literary Self-Portrait
Bellour and Beaujour: Les deux maîtres

Beaujour, Michel. Miroirs d’encre: Rhétorique de l’autoportrait. Paris: Seuil, 1980. [Poetics of the Literary Self-Portrait. Trans. Yara Milos. New York: NYU Press, 1991].

Bellour, Raymond. L’Entre-Images. Photo. Cinéma. Vidéo. Paris: La Différence, 1990.

Bellour, Raymond. L’Entre-Images 2: Mots, Images. Paris: P.O.L., 1999.

Bellour, Raymond, ed. Eye for I: Video Self-Portraits, A Traveling Exhibition. New York: Independent Curators Inc. [ICI], 1989.

Hall, Doug and Sally Jo Fifer. Illuminating Video: An Essential Guide to Video Art. New York: Aperture/BAVC, 1990.

Renov, Michael and Erika Suderburg, eds. Resolutions: Contemporary Video Practices. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1996.

E. Rhetoric & the Art of Memory

Giordano Bruno, Memory System, from De umbris idearum, Paris 1582, reproducted in F. Yates, The Art of Memory, 1966
Giordano Bruno, “Memory System” from De umbris idearum, Paris, 1582 (Yates, 1966)

Barilli, Renato. Rhetoric. Trans. Giuliana Menozzi. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1989.

Barthes, Roland, “Rhetoric of the Image.” Image Music Text. Trans. Stephen Heath. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977.

Beaujour, Michel. Miroirs d’encre: Rhétorique de l’autoportrait. Paris: Seuil, 1980. [Poetics of the Literary Self-Portrait. Trans. Yara Milos. New York: NYU Press, 1991].

Bonner, Anthony, ed. Doctor Illuminatus: A Ramon Llull Reader. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1993.

Bruno, Giordano. On the Composition of Images, Signs & Ideas. Trans. Charles Doria. Ed. Dick Higgins. New York: Willis, Locker & Owens, 1991.

Carruthers, Mary. The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Carruthers, Mary. The Craft of Thought: Meditation, Rhetoric, and the Making of Images, 400-1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

[Cicero]. Ad Herennium. Trans. H. Caplan. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Conley, Thomas M. Rhetoric in the European Tradition. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1990.

Enzensberger, Hans Magnus. Enzensbergers Panoptikum: Zwanzig Zehn-Minuten Essays. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2012.

Graf, Catharina. “Fotographie als ‘ars combinatoria'”. Der fotographische Essay: Ein Hybrid aus Bild, Text und Film. Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2013, 40-43.

Johnson, George. In the Palaces of Memory: How We Build the Worlds Inside Our Heads. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.

Ong, Walter J. Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1958.

Ong, Walter. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge, 1982.

Porath, Erik. Gedächtnis des Unerinnerbaren: Philosophische und medientheoretische Untersuchungen zur Freudschen Psychanalyse. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag, 2005.

Rossi, Paolo. Logic and the Art of Memory: The Quest for a Universal Language. Trans. Stephen Clucas. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 2000.

Russell, Daniel. Emblematic Structures in Renaissance French Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.

Spence, Jonathan D. The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci. New York: Viking Penguin, 1984.

Yates, Francis A. The Art of Memory. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1966.

Yates, Francis A. Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition. New York: Vintage, 1964.

Yates, Selected Works. Volume I: The Volois Tapestries. Volume II: Giordano Gruno and the Hermetic Tradition. Volume III: The Art of Memory. Volume IV: The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. Volume V: Astraea. Volume VI: Shakespeare’s Last Plays. Volume VII: The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age. Volume VIII: Llull and Bruno. Volume IX: Renaissance and Reform: The Italian Contribution. Volume X: Ideas and Ideals in the North European Renaissance. London: Routledge, 2007.

F. Genre Evolution & Essay Film


Alter, Nora. The Essay Film After Fact and Fiction. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 2018.

Barthes, Roland. Camera Lucida: Reflections on Photography. Trans. Richard Howard. New York: Hill and Wang, 1981. Orig. La Chambre claire: Note sur la photographie. Paris: Cahiers du Cinéma, Seuil, 1980.

Baumgärtel, Tilman. Vom Guerillakino zum Essayfilm: Harun Farocki. [“Werkmonographie eines deutschen Autorenfilmers”]. Dissertation, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, 1997.

Bensmaïa, Reda. The Barthes Effect: The Essay as Reflective Text. Trans. Pat Fedkiew. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1987.

Bitomsky, Hartmut. Kinowahrheit. Hrsg. Ilka Schaarschmidt. Berlin: Vorwerk 8, 2003.

Blüminger, Christa and Constantin Wulff, ed. Schreiben Bilder Sprechen: Texte zum essayistischen Film. Vienna: Sonderzahl, 1992.

Deleuze, Gilles. “The Powers of the False.” Cinema 2: The Time-Image. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1989, 126-155. [Orig. “Les Puissances du faux.” Cinéma 2: L’Image-temps. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, 1985, 165-202.]

Farocki, Harun. Against What? Against Whom? Ed. Antje Ehmann, Kodwo Eshun. Forward by Alex Sainsbury. Köln: Walter König, 2010.

Farocki, Harun. Nachdruck/Imprint: Texte/Writings. Ed. Susanne Gaensheimer & NIcolaus Schafhausen. Trans. Laurent Faasch-Ibrahim. Berlin: Vorwerk 8, 2001.

Farocki, Harun. Diagrams. Images from Ten Films. Ed. Benedikt Reichenbach. Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König.

Hattendorf, Manfred. Closeup: Dokumentarfilm und Authentizität: Ästhetik und Pragmatik einer Gattung. Konstanz: Haus des Dokumentarfilms, 1994.

Kämper, Birgit and Thomas Tode, ed. Chris Marker Filmessayist. München: Institut Français de Munich/CICIM, 1997.

Lanham, Richard A. The Electronic Word: Democracy, Technology, and the Arts. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1993.

Liandrat-Guigues, Suzanne et Murielle Gagnebin, ed. L’Essai et le cinéma. Paris: Éditions Champ Vallon, 2004.

Lupton, Catherine. Chris Marker: Memories of the Future. London: Reaktion Books, 2005.

Chris Marker, Commentaires 2

Marker, Chris. Commentaires 1. Paris: Seuil, 1961.

Marker, Chris. Commentaires 2. Paris: Seuil, 1967.

Möntmann, Nina. Brave New Work: A Reader on Harun Farocki’s Film ‘A New Product.’ Köln: Walther Konig, 2014.

Murry, Timothy. Digital Baroque: New Media and Cinematic Folds. Electronic Mediations, Volume 26. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.

Nichols, Bill. Blurred Boundaries: Questions of Meaning in Contemporary Culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Pirschtat, Jutta, ed. Die Wirklichkeit der Bilder: Der Filmemacher Hartmut Bitomsky. Essen: Edition Filmwerkstatt, 1992.

Pourciau, Sarah. “Ambiguity Intervenes: The Strategy of Equivocation in Adorno’s ‘Der Essay als Form’. MLN, Volume 122, N. 3 (April 2007), Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 632-646.

Renov, Michael. “Lost, Lost, Lost: Mekas as Essayist.” To Free the Cinema: Jonas Mekas and the New York Underground. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1992, 215-239.

Roth, Laurent and Raymond Bellour. Qu’est-ce qu’une madeleine? A propos du CD-ROM Immemory de Chris Marker. Paris: Yves Gevaert Editeur / Centre Georges Pompidou, 1997.

Vertov Snow Farocki

Silverman, Kaja. The Threshold of the Visible World. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Tomas, David. Vertov, Snow, Farocki: Machine Vision and the Posthuman. London: Bloomsbury, 2013.

Ulmer, Gregory. Teletheory: Grammatology in the Age of Video. New York: Routledge, 1989.

von der Keuken, Johan. Abenteuer eines Auges: Filme, Fotos, Texte. Basel: Stroemfeld/Roter Stein, 1992.

Warren, Charles, ed. Beyond Document: Essays on Nonfiction Film. Hanover & London: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1996.

Concept and Research: Daniel L Potter. All rights reserved.

Chris Marker Notes from the Era of Imperfect Memory

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